CIMANGGIS, RUMAH

An old home left by the Dutch located in Cimanggis, a street heading towards Bogor, built between 1775 and 1778 by David J. Smith. This home replaced a simple resting home. The owner of the home was divorcee Governor General van der Parra, who passed away in 1787. Smith inherited it with all the furniture and animals. However, two years later, all that he owned including several vast plantations and other things were seized to pay off his debts. The owner of this house changed a few times. In 1834, the large earthquake destroyed the second Bogor Palace. Many large homes between Bogor and Jakarta, including Cimanggis Home experienced damages.  

From the point of architecture, Cimanggis is a good example of a landlord’s home in the 18th century with high and wide roofing. There were ten stone pillars close to the doors in pairs, together with many wooden pillars supporting the roof and spanning the top of the wide porch. The space for the window above the main doors were carved artistically with flower vases (exterior) and angels (interior). From the exterior, this home appeared to have an open-air style even though the interior showed elements of Louis XV style. The wide and long windows curved at the top and could be pushed upwards, which was typical elements of several buildings during this period. The high ceilings in the main hall above pilasters with heads in classicism style guaranteed a cool atmosphere, what more with many trees surrounding this home. Cimanggis home is properly maintained because there are only two or three homes left that played a role in opening the forest between Jakarta-Bogor in the 18th Century.      

Cimanggis market that belonged to the owner of the house was important. This place was a short resting area for those who had tiring journeys as a result of the pathetic road conditions between Batavia and Buitenzorg. In addition, the horses had to be replaced. Those using the roads could rest at the second post from Batavia, which was equipped with hot water, close to the bridge above Ciliwung River. Trips to Bogor still took four hours, such as told by Governor-General von Imhoff (1750). Even Marsekal Daendels once did not reach Bogor in one day because the roads were like swamps, the rivers overflowed, and the bridges were damaged.