CEMPEDAK

Also called Chinese Jackfruit, scientifically named Tartocarpus integer (Thunb.) Merr. The tree grows with multiple branches, and reaches 25 m in height, the diameter of its trunk measures 30-50 cm. The leaves are similar to the leaves of the jackfruit, but with a lot more hairs. The flowers are arranged in long circular clusters, where male and female bunches can be found. Pollination of the cempedak flower is done by the Drosophila fly. It is an accessory fruit (pseudocarp), oval in shape, thick-skinned, thorny and contains many seeds. Its fruit is generally elongated, but some are round. The surface of the fruit is not as rough as the jackfruit, and is greenish yellow in color. Its smell is strong like a mixture of durian (Durio zibet-hinus) and Kemang (Mangiftra eaesia).

These plants thrive in areas with much rainfall, and with ground water conditions between 50-200 cm. Around Jakarta, the cempedak grows well in Jasinga, Parung and a few in Pasar Minggu. The flesh of the Cempedak fruit is yellow to whitish yellow in color, tastes like jackfruit but gummier. Its seeds are soft, and can be eaten boiled or roasted. The fruit contains protein, calcium, phosphorus; iron; Vitamin A and C. Seeds and flowers are used to treat diarrhea and German measles, while its roots can be used as medicine for fevers. Propagation is done by using the seed or grafting with the Mandalika as its rootstock. The wood is fairly good as a building material. The bark can be used as a dye in clothing manufacturing. These plants can also be used as decorative plants in gardens, because it forms a pleasant crown shape. Several places in Jakarta uses the name of this fruit among others: Cipinang Cempedak.