BALAI KOTA, GEDUNG
Constructed in the 19th Century with Tuscan architecture. Located on Jl. Medan Merdeka Selatan, it was initially used as the residence of Burgemeester (mayor) besides being the Jakarta government administration office. Then it completely became the City Hall office; after the official residence of the mayor was moved to Jl. Suropati No.7, Central Jakarta.
During the expansion of Batavia towards the South (Weltevreden), the government offices also moved. The City Hall office (Stadhuis) moved from Old Batavia to Jl. Tanah Abang Barat No. 35 (1913). Then in 1919, it moved to Jl. Medan Merdeka Selatan No. 8-9 Central Jakarta. There was also a No.8 building used as the office and residence of West Javanese citizens, while No.9 was used as the Gemeente Batavia office and the residence of Burgemeester. On 1 October 1926, the Gemeente Batavia office was changed to the Stads Gemeente Batavia office until the Japanese colonization era.
During the Japanese colonization (1942-1945), this building was the Jakarta Tokubetsusi office with the head of government called sityoo. Then during the Indonesian Independence era, the name Jakarta Tokubetsusi was changed to Jakarta National Government with the head of government called the mayor. The Jakarta National Government office was then called Balai Agung, with Suwiryo as the first mayor.
In approximately 1954, during the term of Mayor Soediro, the City Hall office was expanded with the addition of building No.8. Hence, the Jakarta City Hall office was situated in two buildings on Jl. Medan Merdeka Selatan No.8 and 9. In 1961, with the Presidential Decree concerning the change in the name from Kotapraja Jakarta Raya to Jakarta Capital City Government, the head of government was no longer the mayor, but the governor. Since then, the City Hall has been used more as the office of the Jakarta Capital City Government.
During the term of Governor Ali Sadikin, the City hall was extended and equipped with a new modern architecture building with complete office facilities. In its next phase of development, the building on Jl. Medan Merdeka Selatan No.9 was demolished and then a multi-storied building known as the City Hall complex was constructed. Meanwhile, the old building located on JI. Medan Merdeka Selatan No.8 still stands majestically. Apart from the old building in this City Hall complex, other new buildings have been erected in the 20th Century. Included in the Jakarta Capital City Government City Hall complex is a multi-storeyed building facing Jl. Kebon Sirih.