ACADEMIE DE MARINE

The oldest Maritime Academy (Sailing) in Asia. It was founded in 1743 and inaugurated by Governor General van Imhoff as the originator. This campus is located next to what is now Toko Merah, which once was the residence of van Imhoff in the past. The head of administration was positioned by Lieutenant J. Van Biesum who simultaneously worked as the Head of Library. After two years, exactly on 17 December 1745, this academy appointed Paulus-Pauluz, Head of Marine Mapmakers as the first Governor of Academie de Marine with a captain rank. However, due to deviation, he was fired in 1750. This academy recruited a number of young European officers to work as staff.  

There were several terms and conditions to be met to enroll in this academy. The terms and conditions required being born from a legal marriage and good behavior, aged 12 to 14, be of Christian Protestant religion, have experience of 6 months sailing and is familiar with several terms in the sailing world. For sailors working on VOC ships that arrived in Batavia, they had to register themselves to this academy and attend college. They were called Cadets. The education period of 4 years was limited to 24 cadets per batch. The learning materials covered theories and practices, which were delivered in a tight schedule at fixed times over 4 weekdays. At 0500, they would wake up and after 30 minutes, have breakfast. At 0600, they had to follow morning service, and then from 0700-1200, it was time for Latin, Moor, navigation and writing class. From 1200-1300 was lunchtime and recess. Then from 1300-1700, they would cover materials such as drawing, the art of shipbuilding and helmsman. On Wednesdays and Saturdays only, they were taught theology, dance, fencing, horseback riding, and weapons training. 

While attending this school, firm military discipline was imposed on all cadets. Those who violated the discipline code were sanctioned or fined heavily. During sleeping hours, sudden patrol rounds would be made. Cadets caught reading for fun using candles or playing cards would receive the following punishment: locked up for 4 days with feet soaked in water, and they could only eat rice without any dishes. For cadets who left their duties, they would be held captive at Onrust Island or Edam Island in the Gulf of Jakarta. And for food, they had to work at one of the docks there. The money they made during the punishment would fall into the hands of the Academy.  

From 1743-1755, this academy was located at a double-storey house or Toko Merah so that the Company merchant ship officers were educated well. To obtain money for the new academy, the court was ordered to deposit some money to the treasury of this institute. Many captains and officers who made mistakes would be fined and the money would be used for this academy. After that, there were special taxes for shows such as cockfighting and potehi puppets. This institution founded in 1743 closed in 1755 because it lacked students and the operational expenses were expensive.